According to the National Grid FES 2020 documents "Hydrogen and carbon capture and storage must be deployed for net zero. Industrial scale demonstration projects need to be operational this decade."
Depending on the scenario, hydrogen will be produced by electolysis or steam reforming or will be imported.
To achieve net zero GB needs to produce much of its hydrogen by electrolysis, so we assess progress on the basis of production of green hydrogen by electrolysis. The chart shows the Five Year Forecast from FES 2019. There was no Five Year Forecast in FES 2020. Both FES 2019 and FES 2020 included outlook figures for the various scenarios.
A member of our team asked the National Grid whether the production forecast figures for 2020 had been achieved, but the National Grid do not know. We are proceding on the basis that to date there has been no actual production of green hydrogen by electrolysis in Great Britain. We will update this statement if the National Grid later provide some actual production data.
Given that Hydrogen is such a significant cornerstone of GB's future electricity strategy, the fact that even this short term target seems not to have been achieved means that we rate progress here as Red.
Also remember that hydrogen - including this green hydrogen - is going to be used for many other purposes, including heating, transport and industrial processes.
Last updated March 2021